what is an amputation?

An amputation is the surgical removal of a part, or all of, a limb. It is done to remove dead or painful tissue and aims to prevent the problem from spreading farther. Amputations are always a last option after all other options have been exhausted to save the limb.

Types of Amputations

Transtibial (BK)

Amputation below knee (BK)
Below-knee amputations are the most common amputations, representing 71% of dysvascular amputations. In general, a below-knee amputation is preferred over an above-knee, as the former has better rehabilitation and functional outcomes.

Transfemoral (AK)

Amputation above knee (AK)


Amputation through the pelvic

Hand/Wrist Disarticulation

Amputation through the wrist

Elbow Disarticulation (ED)

Amputation through elbow joint

Shoulder Disarticulation (SD)

Amputation through shoulder joint


Amputation through ankle joint

Knee Disarticulation (KD)

Amputation through knee joint

Hip Disarticulation (HD)

Amputation through hip joint

Transradial (BE)

Amputation below elbow (BE)

Transhumeral (AE)

Amputation above elbow (AE)